Critical infrastructures have a significant importance for the maintenance of vital societal functions. Their disruption or destruction has serious impact on the health, safety, economic, and social well-being of the population. Research into the social and economic implications, in case of failure of critical infrastructure is an essential foundation for appropriate protection and safeguards of the industry and authorities concerned.
In addition, innovative methods for the protection of strategically important supply services, with emphasis on intersectoral interactions will be investigated. In crisis and disaster, a rapid and optimal use of scarce resources is necessary. Sophisticated analyzing methods have a
great contribution to a fair distribution of goods in case of a disruption.
This study deals with the assessment of the risk failure potential of individual transport modes with the objective of minimizing the overall risk on transalpine transport chains and thus of supply chain risks. The individual land-based transport modes are analyzed for their potential risks to and classified accordingly. Thus, the basis of the protection of the functioning goods supply structure is broadened in the Alpine region with a focus on Tyrol. It also examines risk potential and fault propagation of the regional transport networks and individual modes of transport. Further possible underlying structural defects, evasion strategies and recovery capabilities to a desired normal state are addressed. In addition to the transport network the ICT systems in and for transport are also considered in this study.
In particular, the socio-economic damage analysis and potentials available for regional, national and supra-national implications and consequences of the longer breaks in the rail transport (EU North-South transversal) and road in Tyrol are in the focus of the study.
The research aspects of this study are based on the complex interplay of the various modes of transport within transalpine multimodal transport chains. These are mapped, analyzed for vulnerabilities and risk potentials, modeled complex scenarios of susceptibility towards interferences and simulated in order to create a risk register for transport chains in the Alpine region. The study makes the claim by its extensive and out of view of the science and practice considered analyzes and conclusions drawn, to contribute to increase the security in the supply of all citizens of the state of Tyrol in goods. In addition, the results of this work can be transferred to other sensitive areas.
Prof. Manfred Gronalt