Background and Motivation
Terrorism is an ever-increasing and multifaceted problem and ensuring the security of the population is an increasingly complex task for the security forces. The strategies of the emergency organizations have to be geared towards terrorist attacks, but also increasingly towards attacks by organizations that are not assigned to the actual terror scene ("micro-terrorism"), e.g. the 1995 Sarin poison gas attack in Tokyo, with 13 dead and more than 6,000 injured. Attacks on train and car tunnels as well as on sub-ways are designed to claim lives and physical integrity, to spread great panic and to maximize paralyzation of important parts of the infrastructure.
Human live in Underground train stations is particularly at risk in critical security situations compared to surface events. Due to the "closed situation", considerable obstacles to the safe and efficient evacuation of people after an attack must be taken into account. A targeted and efficient response to potentially fatal emergencies in underground subway environments or tunnels requires an improved understanding of possible threat scenarios, the effects that occur (fire, gas spread, explosions, etc.) and real-time location information to enable appropriate operational support for the security forces involved.
Objectives and innovation aspects
Innovative technical assistance systems can significantly support the necessary evacuation measures as well as the control strategies against the terrorists that may still be present on site. The aim of NIKE-SubMoveCon is to conduct essential research and development results based on a multidisciplinary approach in the field of automation-supported multi-sensor analyzes, technical assistance systems and management solutions as well as social-scientific aspects (individual and group sociology).
The striven project results and solutions enable the use of intelligent, mobile and portable multi-sensor solutions (optical, thermal, acoustic sensors, gas sensors, etc.) directly on site and on man (human sensor), as well as the near-real-time generation of an overall situation picture. Based on this and technical assistance systems for different emergency services (police, COBRA, army, rescue, fire brigade, etc.) an optimized operational management is made possible thus increasing the security of both involved civilians and emergency services significantly. The targeted controlled movement control of large crowds based on the threat and their behaviour is an integral part of the operational command. Based on a 3D situation information system integrating multi-sensor analysis results, situations can be assessed by a responsible expert who supports decision making in deployment strategy of the security forces, evacuation strategies and localization of safe areas for triage and further treatment.
The interdisciplinary consortium is supported by the involvement of the pan-European unique re-search infrastructure "Zentrum am Berg" where tests, exercises and training courses can be carried out by various emergency organizations in a very real environment which renders access to yielding relevant data for our development possible.
DI Alexander Almer, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsges.mbH, DIGITAL
Montanuniversität Leoben – MUL
Ingenieurbüro Laabmayr & Partner - LAAB
Ing. Richard Feischl- -IFR
Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung – BMLV
ASB Stmk - ASB
Experience Research & Consulting - ERC
DI Alexander Almer
JOANNEUM RESEARCH –
DIGITAL – Institut für Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien
Steyrergasse 17, 8010 Graz, AUSTRIA
Tel.: +043 316 876 1738 Mobile: +043 699 1876 1738
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