Social security largely depends on groups, beliefs and individuals feeling connected to the rule of law and accepting the primacy of law. It therefore makes sense to examine the extent of acceptance of the rule of law in all subgroups of Austrian society. Of course, this also applies to the Muslim segment of society, where it also has to be considered to which extent a lack of acceptance of the rule of law could be explained by external or internal influences. The core of this study should therefore be an exploration of the fusion of religion and state, which is represented and lived by in a different intensity, depending on varying ideologies and world views.
Likewise, to what extent the national origin and religious orientation are reflected in a different acceptance of the rule of law and whether a potential influence by national and religious socialization on the same acceptance and sole priority of the existing Austrian rule of law can be measured - both in Views as well as in actions. Such an investigation appears to be important in order to investigate trends regarding the danger of an increasing separation from the rule of law by individual parts of society and the preference of parallel structures.
An examination of the acceptance of a "European Islam", which is characterized by the separation of religion and state, and the exclusively state monopoly on the use of force, can therefore be an important indicator in the area of integration, participation and internal security as well as for for inter-religious tolerance. It therefore makes sense to ascertain the acceptance of this idea - as well as the openness to inner-Islamic change - in all detailed aspects among all relevant Muslim groups in the research area. Research into the values and attitudes of the Muslim community in their entire and individual range, however, faces the challenge that the Muslim societal segment increasingly considers itself to be "over-researched" and "inspected". Security research, authorities and universities are therefore often distrusted. A distortion of the survey should be avoided by having this study implemented by consortium partners who are perceived as “neutral”. Due to this independence and objectivity, a high number of respondents (n = 1000) is achieved and the authentic, objective and quantitative meaningfulness of the results is guaranteed. The scientific quality is approved by a scientific consortium, which consist of senior academics of the relevant field as well as representatives of the armed forces, the Ministry of Justice amongst others.
Past approaches in the area of integration, prevention and deradicalization can thus be evaluated independently and, if necessary, best practice approaches and instructions can be derived. Measurable insights should also be gained, which provide information about cultural tolerance and the acceptance of the respective values, as well as the state as a monopoly on force, in the form of indices, which can be used continuously in this area and by the respective institutions.
Dr. Ferdinand Haberl
Dr. Ferdinand Haberl
Auflistung der weiteren Projekt- bzw. KooperationspartnerInnen:
Dr. Erwin Ebermann, Lorena Amparo Gomez, Integral Markt- und Meinungsforschungsges.m.b.H.