The police as a single organisation currently has the largest vehicle fleet in Austria. Their governmental tasks require an absolutely reliable mobility solution, as Austria's security depends significantly on mobility at all times. The requirements for vehicles of a blue-light organisation are very specific, for example in terms of vehicle and drive type, engine power, additional consumers, cargo space size and load. The efficiency of the currently dominant conventional petrol and diesel engines can be improved to some degree, but they have decisive disadvantages in terms of pollutant emissions, which runs counter to the currently targeted Paris climate goals of 2015 and efforts to reduce emissions and energy efficiency in Austria and Europe. The Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) has therefore intensively analysed a possible broader use of electric mobility by the police in the course of a preliminary study in KIRAS entitled "Effective practical approaches from the perspective of public authorities in the efficient use of electric mobility" (WALL E). With regard to the use of electric mobility, the BMI is pushing for sustainability in the police and wants to institutionalise it.
A partial switch to an alternative drive system requires sound planning, structured preparation and close scientific support during the introduction phase. As a preparatory measure for the test phase, this study project deals with a holistic approach for an innovative and scalable interaction of the individual mobility components (e.g., vehicle, battery cells, location factors, infrastructure, charging management, practical procedures, usage behaviour, cybersecurity and resilience to blackout). The objective of the project is to formulate technical and organisational requirements for vehicles, locations and infrastructure for testing, to prepare the technical and organisational boundary areas for further analyses, to develop intelligent charging management strategies in order to optimally supply police vehicles with energy in terms of time and resources, and to conduct a threat and risk analysis of the overall concept from a theoretical perspective and to collect possible resilience-building measures.
The project result is a consistent overall e-mobility concept with detailed procedural recommendations with regard to the testing. All detailed components should be prepared to be able to start testing after project completion. In addition, acceptance criteria, borderline areas, electrical consumers and technical behaviour will be identified to the extent that they can be concretely verified during the test phase.
- Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (Konsortialführer)
- Bundesministerium für Inneres, Abteilung BMI-IV/1
- Bundesimmobiliengesellschaft m.b.H.
- Porsche Austria GmbH & Co OG
- MOON POWER GmbH
- Wien Energie GmbH
Senior Research Engineer
Security & Communication Technologies
Center for Digital Safety & Security