KIRAS Security Research

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Kooperative Projekte > 2014

SKIN - Protection of the exterior shell of critical infrastructure & buildings

The goal of this project is to increase the protection of the exterior of critical buildings using an intelligent, knowledge-based event detection system with multi-modal sensor and information technology.

The protection of facades, roofs and other exterior parts of buildings and historical monuments places ever increasing demands on public security agencies and organisations. Real threat scenarios such as terrorist attacks or the targeted destruction of cultural assets require increasingly reliable security systems.

From a technical viewpoint, recent new developments have broadened the portfolio of sensor technology that can be used in security-related applications. The aim of the SKIN project is to increase the protection of the exterior of vulnerable buildings significantly by employing an intelligent, knowledge-based event detection system with multi-modal sensor and information technology. By utilising such knowledge-based technologies, anticipated or observed context-related factors such as the weather and events in and around the building are included in order to derive more comprehensive danger assessments from the data pool using Automated Reasoning and Information Fusion methods.

Area sensors that are used in video cameras or imaging sensors are especially suitable for the surface surveillance of facades. Achieving a similar coverage with alternative technologies such as fan lasers, ultrasound or radar involves considerable costs and effort. A distinction has to be made between video cameras for the visible to near infrared range (wavelength of 380 to 780 nm) and video cameras that are referred to as thermal cameras (wavelength of 8 to 15 um). As the name implies, the optical cameras require a light source that emits into this range. During the day, this is taken care of by the sunlight. However, in the dawn and during the night an artificial light source is required for the visible or infrared range. Furthermore, new technologies such as time-of-flight sensors have to be considered as an additional information source for high security applications, since they provide three-dimensional information. The suitability, especially for outdoor areas, has to be analysed in greater detail with regard to stray light and weather interference.

It should also be possible to evaluate the accumulated large data volume subsequently. This allows searching of the video archive for events without having to watch the individual videos. Also, there is no need to define criteria for the subsequent search at the time of recording. The system will employ privacy enhancing technology while at the same time functionality will be maximized.

Project Coordinator

DI Werner Kloihofer
PKE Electronics AG

Project Partners

Software Competence Center Hagenberg GmbH (SCCH)

Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI)

Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung und Sport (BMLVS)

Vienna Centre for Societal Security (VICESSE)

Contact

DI Werner Kloihofer

Forschung & Entwicklung / Research & Development

PKE Electronics AG 

Computerstraße 6 | A-1100 Wien
w.kloihofer@pke.at | www.pke.at