KIRAS Security Research

2011

QuOIMA

Use of Open Information Sources (especially Social Media) in crisis and disaster manage-ment to generate knowledge for more realistic risk assessment

Crises and disasters are covered continuously and without interruption by today’s media, especially social media. There is not a single moment which they do not document. Consequently, the information contained in media – especially social media like Facebook, Twitter etc. – provides an often neglected potential which should not be done away with. Through fusion of sources, diverse, mixed and complementary types of information can be tapped into and combined. The difficulty of this process is to view, channel, prepare and exploit this inhomogeneous and enormous amount of information.
Automatic monitoring of traditional as well as social sources allows to derive risk factors and risk indicators for crises and disaster events quickly. Intelligence derived from this process allows for earlier and swifter reaction to potential situations of crisis and interrelationships.
Current technical and electronic infrastructure for national and international crisis and disaster management is not able to perform comprehensive analyses of all media channels automatically. The continuous developments in the areas of multimedia and social media demand the creation of adequate methods of processing.
Relevant manifestations of events are to be identified automatically from documents from traditional (TV, radio, web) as well as social media and document-clusters of the examined multimedia documents are to be presented to situational awareness experts. The focus of this project is on the research on and development of algorithms and methods to achieve this goal. Automatic analysis of content in the multimedia and social media domain forms a fundamental innovation.
From a technical, social studies and scientific point of view, the targeted insights and findings of QuOIMA form a fundamental contribution to Austrian Security Research, reaching far beyond the quality of existing systems.
The integration of findings regarding situational awareness will provide more realistic risk assessment increasing their possibilities to (re)act. End-users extend their expertise and as a consequence the ability to act of the overall organisations.

Projectleader
DI Georg Thallinger
DIGITAL – Institut für Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien
JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH

Other Procekt- or Cooperationspartners
INSET Research & Advisory
SAIL LABS Technology AG
Universität Wien
Zentrum für Dokumentation / BMLVS

Contact
DI Georg Thallinger
DIGITAL – Institut für Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien
JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
Leonhardstraße 59
8010 Graz
Tel.: 0316/876-1240
Fax.: 0316/876-1119
georg.thallinger@joanneum.at
www.joanneum.at/digital

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